Substitute a synonym the students know, and see if the sentence makes sense. He wears pants and a shirt. What have we missed? What other scaffolding principles do you use in your classroom?
Review Homework You will have 3 minutes to complete this task. Direct Instruction Also called explicit instruction Widely applicable strategy that can be used to teach both concepts and skills Uses teacher explanation.
Lesson Plans Lesson Components In the following slides, you will find definitions for the most essential lesson components that are found in a well. Non-Linguistic Representation Web 2. Instructions This is a framework presentation for you to manipulate — it has all the key ideas, but no personality!
Please add: Design Visuals Activities. Beth Christian. Interactive Read Alouds. My Favorites The most important thing we can teach our children is how to learn.
London, Oakville: Equinox Publishing Ltd. Search for free courses, interactives, videos and more! In addition, familiar words are used in completely different ways. Remember me. For example, the purpose for reading the selection "On or Under the Water," which was established during the pre-reading phase, was to find out what inventions promoted the development of different types of boats throughout history.
Unit 2 — Making It Real Learning Objectives Reflect on your classroom instruction to identify the literacy components you are already using and how they. Similar presentations. Forum Kependidikan, 28 2 , Pressley, M. Teaching Processes in Elementary and Secondary Education.
Reynolds, G. Weiner Eds. Reynolds, W. Handbook of Psychology. Weiner, Ed. Samana, W. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 2 8 , — Santoso, A. Queensland University of Tech. Schunk, D. Self-Regulation and Learning.
Shah, S. Vacca, J. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 1 18 , — Xu, L. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 2 7 , — Li, H. Scaffolding in teacher-student interaction: A case study in two oral English Classes.
Chinese Journal of Applied Linguistics , 34 3 , Lidz, C. New York: Guilford Press.
Little, D. Learner as dialogue: The dependence of learner autonomy on teacher autonomy. System , 23 2 , Liu, N. Why do many students appear reluctant to participate in classroom learning discourse? System, 25 , 3, Lutz, S. Scaffolding for engagement in elementary school reading instruction. The Journal of Educational Research, , Mariani, L. Teacher support and teacher challenge in promoting learner autonomy.
Scaffolds or straitjackets? Critical moments in classroom discourse. Educational Review, 57 , Pica, T. Input and interaction in the communicative language classroom: A comparison of teacher-fronted and group activities. Madden Eds.
Puntambekar, S. Tools for scaffolding students in a complex learning environment: What have we gained and what have we missed? Educational Psychologist, 40 , Rassaei, E. Scaffolded feedback, recasts, and L2 development: A sociocultural perspective. The Modern Language Journal , 98 1 , Schinke-Llano, L. Appel Eds. Schmidt, R. The role of consciousness in second language learning.
Applied Linguistics, 11 , Silliman, E. Scaffolds for learning to read in an inclusion classroom. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 31 , Smit, J. What counts as evidence for the long-term realization of whole-class scaffolding? Learning, Culture and Social Interaction, 2 , Spada, N. Form-focused instruction and second language acquisition: A review of classroom and laboratory research. Language Teaching, 30 , Swain, M. The output hypothesis, focus on form and second language learning.
Littlewood Eds. Peer-peer dialogue as a means of second language learning. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 22 , Vacca, J.
Using scaffolding techniques to teach a social studies lesson about Buddha to sixth graders. Van de Pol, J. Scaffolding student learning: A micro-analysis of teacher-student interaction. Scaffolding in teacher-student interaction: A decade of research. Education Psychology Review, 22 , Promoting teacher scaffolding in small-group work: A contingency perspective.